Racism in the 20th Century

(found somewhere on the net)     March, 2001

"Survival of the Fittest"
Science becomes even uglier. The superficial elite believed that social problems could be solved by eliminating certain segments of the population. This certain segment happens to be what they deemed "unfit" whose lives weren't worthy of existence.  They were seen as having difficulties in succeeding in "civilization."    Those who supported such barbaric ideology are called eugenicists.   Using Darwin's theory of evolution, their desire to create a "perfert race"of people has led such disastrous events such as the Holocaust.

The eugenics movement concentrated on differences: its roots in scientific racism looked to the differences between the white and other races, while the family studies created a distinction between fit and unfit white folks.   There are two types of eugenics:

"negative eugenics"-- the reduction of the excessively large number of births among the less favored, with the widespread use of contraception, sterilization and abortion.

"positive eugenics"-- increased production of the "fit"; can be advanced through artificial insemination, in vitro fertilization and genetic engineering. 

-1900 Houston Stewart Chamberlain  (1855-1927): "The Foundations of the Nineteenth Century" emphasized the ‘spirit’ of race,  &  idealized the pure German spirit - ‘race-soul,’ which made Germans honest, loyal, & industrious. Chamberlain asserted that  races differed not only physically, but also morally, spiritually, and intellectually; that the Germans, the only pure descendants  of ancient Aryans, were physically superior & bearers of a higher culture; that the Jews were undermining German society; to save 
Western civilization from lower races -Jews, Negroes, Orientals. 
"Christianity was an indispensable cohesive force in a class-torn nation; religious rebirth alone . . . could renew the spiritual basis of society, reaffirming the principles of monarchy, social hierarchy, loyalty, discipline, and race.... [R]eligion, not politics, was the basis of a new Germany"

 "...the perception that Jews maintained their cohesiveness and sense of identity under all conceivable circumstances  was a source of both fear and envy. Indeed, for many anti-Semites this racial perseverance and historical continuity provided a kind of mirror-image model worthy of emulation..." 

-1901 John D. Rockefeller  (1839-1937) family founded Standard Oil Co. (now Mobil) and National City Bank (later Citibank).

He founded the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research, which quickly became a funding conduit for eugenics research.   He was also one of the main supporters of the Eugenics Records Office--the eugencists' "think tank."  Such backing has produced results in America as well as overseas.

It was Rockefeller who financed the foundation of the Kaiser Wilhem Institute, and gave Ernst Rudin (one of Hitler's right hand man) the keys to an entire floor of the building for his genetic research in the 1920's.

The German Mental Hygiene Movement was also another heavily subsidized program by Rockefeller and thereby placed into a caveat position to continue its goals and objectives to the bitter...bitter...end.

Unsurprisingly, Dr. Alexis Carrel of the Rockefeller Institute and a Nobel Prize Winner publically applauded Hitler's Germany for blatantly advocating the mass murder of mental patients and prisoners.

-1901 Bernard Hollander  (1864-1934), famous London psychiatrist; His main works, "The Mental Function of the Brain" (1901) and "Scientific Phrenology" (1902) are an objective appraisal of the teachings of Gall. 

-1904 Andrew Carnegie (1835-1919)  a poor Scottish immigrant who became a millionaire (steel industry) who combined social darwinism with philanthropy.
In doing so, he objected to giving charity to just any poor person; he believed in helping those whom he thought were deserving.

Carnegie established the Station for Experimental Evolution in Washington, where the study of "hybridized" peoples" or racial mixtures could be performed.

-1904 Sir Halford John Mackinder  (1861-1947) theory of a European “heartland” central to world domination; he suggests that there was a pivotal
 area "in the closed heart-land of Euro-Asia" which was most likely to become the seat of world power, because of its inaccessibility. 

 After the WWI, Mackinder came to the conclusion that the struggle for the command of the Heartland would most likely be between Germany and Russia. In order to keep the two struggling countries apart Mackinder suggested the formation of a buffer zone between them which could be composed of several small states.  Throughout his theory he gave more weight to Germany than Russia in aiming for world domination. Interestingly enough, the prediction made by Mackinder proved to be remarkably accurate with Eastern Europe being the crisis area. 

"In Democratic Ideals and Reality" Mackinder summarizes his concept by saying:

     "Who rules East Europe commands the Heartland;
     Who rules the heartland commands the World Island;
     Who rules the World Island commands the World"

-1904 Rudolf Steiner  (1861-1925) founder of anthroposophy--"awareness of one's humanity.", Theosophy and its close relative, Anthroposophy (of Rudolf Steiner), are based upon the presumption that spiritual ability is a function of racial "purity."   In 1923 Steiner established the General Anthroposophical Society

-1905 Thomas Dixon  (1864-1946) wrote novel title "The Clansman" which focused on the influx of immigrants and blacks into the northern industrial cities.  In it, he cites:

"Education, sir, is the development of that which is. Since the dawn of history the Negro has owned the continent of Africa--rich beyond the dream of poet's fancy, crunching acres of diamonds beneath his bare black feet. Yet he never picked one up from the dust until a White man showed to him its glittering light. His land swarmed with powerful and docile animals, yet he never dreamed a harness, cart, or sled. A hunter by necessity, he  never made an axe, spear, or arrowhead worth preserving beyond the moment of its use.

"He lived as an ox, content to graze for an hour. In a land of stone and timber he  never sawed a foot of lumber, carved a block, or built a house save of broken sticks and mud. With league on league of ocean strand and miles of inland seas, for four thousand years he watched their surface ripple under the wind, heard the thunder of the surf on his beach, the howl of the storm over his head, gazed on the dim blue horizon calling him to worlds that lie beyond, and yet he never dreamed a sail!"  ["The Clansman: An Historical Romance of the Ku Klux Klan." -- ] 

He also wrote "The Leopord's Spot" (1902) which became an inspiriation to the film "Birth of a Nation."

-1905Edward Alsworth Ross (1866-1961) a founder of sociology in the United States and one of the first sociologists to attempt to create a comprehensive sociological theory; invented the term "race suicide."   in "Foundations of Sociology." Concered with population growth,  he wrote books such as "The Old World and the New" (1914) 

"A people that has no more respect for its ancestors and no more pride of race than  this deserves the extinction that surely awaits it." (Ross, The Old World in the New, p. 304.)
Other works include  "Social Control" (1901), "Sin and Society" (1907), "Social Psychology" (1908),  "Principles of Sociology" (1920), "Standing Room Only!" (1927). 

|- Sir Harry Johnston (1858-1927), "History of Egypt", thought that Egypt was a White nation.


Social Darwinism-- Assumed the existence of a struggle between the individual and society, and of an adversarial relationship between the fit and unfit classes.  The deeply conservative implications of such philosophies included the rejection of government welfare programs or protective legislation on  the grounds that such reforms as poorhouses, orphanages, bread lines, and eight-hour days enabled the unfit to survive and weakened society as a whole.  Social Darwinism was based on the principle of evolution as universal law.  According to this doctrine, evolution applies not only to life but to the physical cosmos and human societies as well.  Keep in mind that Social Darwinism is the  driving force behind laissez-faire "raw" capitalism. 

-1905 Alfred Binet (1857-1911) designed the first IQ tests which was originally used as a tool within schools in Paris to identify children with
particular learning difficultiies that they needed remedial help with. For Binet it was a means of identification of difficulties that could then be remedied through "mental orthopaedics." He certainly did not believe that this measure was of some "fixed" intelligence, and for those who contemplated such ideas Binet’s rebuke was sharp: "We must protest and react against this brutal pessimism." 

 Evolution, civilisation and intelligence were all equivalent to adulthood. This analogy was eventually given precise form with Binet's invention of mental age, and the subsequent formulation of the IQ scale, being originally constructed from the ratio of mental age to chronological age, incorporated it.

-1906 Robert Reid Rentoul  provided classical works on racial sucide: "Race Culture; or, Race Suicide? (A Plea for the Unborn)", published in New York and London in 1906.  Rentoul speaks of the "terrible monstrosities" created by racial intermarriage and points out that the  Americans are "poor patriots" for repealing their racial miscegenation statutes. 

-1906 Theodore Roosevelt  (1858-1919), as an American president, Roosevelt tolerated blacks' subordination to whites and thought of them as an inferior race is beyond dispute. He never deviated from the words he wrote to his good friend Owen Wister:

"I entirely agree with you that as a race and in the mass they are altogether inferior to whites." ["Letters of Theodore Roosevelt", ed. Morison, V, 226. (1908)] 
He also stated,
"as a race blacks are altogether inferior to whites and are not their intellectual or social equal."
He also felt that the new America must remain a vital and homogenous nation. 

 In support of the eugenics movement, Roosevelt wrote that 

"it is obvious that if in the future racial qualities are to be improved, the improving must be wrought mainly by  favoring the fecundity [fertility] of the worthy types . . .At present, we do just the reverse. There is no check to the fecundity of those who are subnormal . . ."
Roosevelt also had talked about the menace of the "yellow peril" concerning the oriental races, and warned against "race suicide."

-1906 John Harvey Kellogg (1852-1943) a major figure in the eugenics movement founded the American Medical Missionary Board (but soon changed its name to the Race Betterment Foundation).   Kellogg himself was an important and respected figure who authored numerous medical and eugenics treatises in order to lobby for policy of "national eugenics." Kellogg, who launched the breakfast cereals industry by introducing granola to the American public as a health food. Circle of friends include J.C. Penny and  C. W. Barron,

-1907Harry Clay Sharp  a prison physcian, instrumental in enacting the first sterilization law in the Indiana US. This law required mandatory sterilization of "degenerates."

-1908George Harrison Shull  (1874-1954) American botanist and geneticist who concluded that race crossing led to behavioral "disharmony" in "undesireable mongrels" which prompted for anti-miscegenation laws.

-1908 William McDougall  (1871-1938) English-American psychologist; the most influential of the early psychologists who were active in the eugenics movement;  His respect for heredity showed itself in a series of books, beginning with  "An Introduction to Social Psychology".   Acutely conscious of the role of heredity in shaping human behavior, McDougall was an evolutionist who realized that human behavior was shaped  by the evolutionary past of the human race.  Because of the significant degree of racial diversity within the living peoples of the world, he prophesied that "racial psychology" would one day become a  recognized field of study. 

-1908 Alfred Frank Tredgold author of "Mental Deficiency - Amentia" wrote a text-book concerning mental defiency which stated:

"many of the defectives are utterly helpless, repulsive in appearance and revolting in their manners. Their existence is a perpetual source of sorrow and unhappiness to their parents ,in my opinion it would be an economical and humane procedure were their very existence to be painlessly terminated."
 He argued for segregrating "defectived" children who lowered education standards away from "bright" students.
``In the case of children with a low intellectual capacity, much of the education at present provided is for all practical purposes a complete waste of time, money and patience....On the other hand, for children of high intellectual capacity, our present system does not go far enough. I believe that much innate potentiality remains undeveloped, even amongst the working classes, owing to the absence of opportunity for higher education, to the disadvantage of the nation. In consequence of these fundamental differences, the catchword `equality of opportunity' is meaningless and mere claptrap in the absence of any equality to respond to such opportunity. What is wanted is not equality of opportunity, but education adapted to individual potentiality; and if the time and money now spent in the fruitless attempt to make silk-purses out of sows' ears, were devoted to the higher education of children of good natural capacity, it would contribute enormously to national efficiency.''
 Other works include: "The feeble-minded, Contemporary Review" (1910),  "Moral imbecility," The Practitioner (1917)

-1908 Willaim Z. Ripley "The Races of Europe", description of European racial taxonomy.

|-1909 Booker T. Washington (1856-1915), an African American who accepted the barbaric African past and wrote:

"a people who roamed naked through the forest like wild beasts, of a people without houses and laws, without chastity or morality, with no family life and fixed habits of industry."  ["The Story of the Negro: The Rise of the Race from Slavery "]
In regards to black leadership whom he called "problem profiteers,"
"There is a class of colored people who make a business of keeping the troubles, the wrongs and the hardships of the Negro race before the public," observed Washington.

"Having learned that they are able to make a living out of their troubles, they have grown into the settled habit of advertising their wrongs — partly because they want sympathy and partly because it pays. Some of these people do not want the Negro to lose his grievances, because they do not want to lose their jobs."

Sounds  like the black conservatives today who often criticize black community leaders such as Jesse Jackson.

-1909 William C. D. and  Catherine D. Whetham: British eugenists  authors of "The Family and the Nation: A Study in Natural Inheritance and Family Responsibility" (1909),  while agreeing with the female liberationists in that statement, nevertheless feared that feminism and the entry of the more intelligent women into the professions would reduce the birth rate among precisely those women who should be having more children: 

"Woe to the nation whose best women refuse their natural and most glorious burden," they wrote, warning that "freedom from marriage and reproduction . . . is suicidal" (pp. 198- 99).

-1910 Harry H. Laughlin  key eugenicist and leader of the eugenical sterilization movement. 

In 1922, Laughlin published the "Model Eugenical Sterilization Law," declaring all of the following categories of persons as being subject to mandatory sterilization:

This law would serve as the blueprint for several U.S. state sterilization laws as well as for Nazi Germany's infamous 1933 eugenics law, German Sterilization Act .  He was president of the Pioneer Fund; created and then championed the "involuntary sterilization  movement in America" the so-called "Buck vs. Bell" Supreme Court case which was favorably reviewed by Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes.   For more on Laughlin, read his bio. Pioneer Fund ties with Nazi Germany 

-1910 Winston L.Churchill (1874-1965) British Prime Minister who lobbied for compulsory sterilization of the mentally handicapped: 

"I feel that the source from which the stream of madness is fed should be cut off and sealed up  before another year has passed."

-1910 H. L. (HENRY LOUIS) Mencken  (1880-1956), a prominent newspaper editor and American writer who was known for his rabid anti-religious views. As a vicious racist and evolutionist, he states:

"I admit freely enough that, by careful breeding, supervision of environment and education, extending over many generations, it might be possible to make an appreciable improvement in the stock of the American negro, for example, but I must maintain that this enterprise would be a ridiculous waste of energy, for there is a high-caste white stock ready at hand, and it is inconceivable that the negro stock, however carefully it might be nurtured, could ever even remotely approach it. The educated negro of today is a failure, not because he meets insuperable difficulties in life, but because he is a negro. He is, in brief, a low-caste man, to the manner born, and he will remain inert and inefficient until fifty generations of him have lived in civilization. And even then, the superior white race will be fifty generations ahead of him."  [Men versus the Man: A Correspondence between Robert Rives La Monte, Socialist, and H.L. Mencken, Individualist [1910], p.29-30)]
Also anti-semitic:
"The Jews could be put down very plausibly as the most unpleasant race ever heard of. As commonly encountered they lack any of the qualities that mark the civilized man: courage, dignity, incorruptibility, ease, confidence. They have vanity without pride, voluptuousness without taste, and learning without wisdom.  Their fortitude, such as it is, is wasted upon puerile objects, and their charity is mainly a form of display." (Treatise on the Gods)

-1910 Committee of Eugenics letter stated:

"The time is ripe for a strong public movement to stem the tide of threatened racial degeneracy.... America needs to protect herself against indiscriminate immigration, criminal degenerates, and...race suicide."

-1911Werner Sombart  (1863-1941) German economist; published his book, "The Jew and Modern Capitalism".  He claimed that Judaism and capitalism are practically synonymous.  He stated: 

"Intellectual interests and intellectual skill are more strongly developed in him [the Jew] than physical (manual) powers."
(Compare 1881 where Duhring had stated the exact opposite).

-1911Havelock Ellis  (1859-1939) English physician and author; known as a sex radical and free thinker, shared Pearson's elitist views, writing in his 1911
eugenicist book, "The Problem of Race Regeneration":

"These classes, with their tendency to weak-mindedness, their inborn laziness, lack of vitality, and unfitness for organized activity, contain the people who complain they are starving for want of work, though they will never perform any work that is given them."
Ellis suggested in the same book that all public relief be denied to second generation paupers unless they "voluntarily consented" to be surgically sterilized. 

-1911 Charles Benedict Davenport  (1866-1944) a biologist with a Ph.D. from Harvard University, pushed the American eugenics movement.  In the US, he was fascinated more by the idea of the inheritability of human traits than by Darwin's focus on the evolution of species over time.  Davenport's work provided a typical list of hereditary traits: eye color, hair, skin, stature, weight, special ability in music, drawing, painting,  literary composition, calculating, or memorizing, weakness of the mucous membranes, nomadism, general bodily energy, strength, mental ability, epilepsy, shiftlessness, insanity, pauperism, criminality, various forms of nervous disease, defects of speech, sight, hearing, cancer, tuberculosis, pneumonia,  skeletal deformities, and other traits.

In his major work, "Heredity in Relation to Eugenics", published in 1911, he advocated compulsory sterilization for those deemed to be unfit for procreation, and was against mine and factory safety laws, charitable institutions, safety standards and sewage regulations, since these would only keep those alive who in evolutionary terms should be candidates for extinction by the Darwinian law of  "survival of the fittest." He also advocated capital punishment for the crime of being born of inferior blood. 

"Heredity in Relation to Eugenics", that weaknesses in society were due to the unnatural preservation, by the use of modern medicine, of the "feeble-minded" and "unfit." 

Davenport defended the Nazi pledge to exterminate the Jews, and endorsed the "'infinitely superior' weapon of capital punishment against Nordic and 
non-Nordic race polluters whose inferior genes threatened the purity of the Aryan racial gene pools of the Third Reich." 

In 1918 he along with Madison Grant set up the Galton Society. The Society was established for "the promotion of study of racial anthropology" and from the beginning, immigration restriction was "a subject of much interest." 

-1911Harry S. Truman  (1884-1972) American president, 

"I am strongly of the opinion that negroes ought to be in Africa, yellow men in Asia, and white men in Europe and America."

-1912 Charles Spearman (1863-1945) Spearman felt his general factor was literally brain power, 

"the general level of mental energy which led people to perform well or poorly on all sorts of intellectual acts, but particularly those requiring abstract thinking"
He also came up with the "g" factor ("general intelligence") -- seen as the best representative of the intelligence trait. Spearman summarized his work in a book entitled "The Abilitiesof Man,"  in which he also related the "g" and "s" factors to "attention, conation, and similar psychological processes"

 He loaned his opinion to his eugenic colleagues:

"One can...conceive the establishment of a minimum index [of g] to qualify for parliamentary vote, and above all, for the right to have offspring"
 Other works include "General Intelligence, Objectively Determined and Measured (1904)"

-1912 Henry Goddard (1866-1957):  While Galton was an advocate of fostering population growth at the upper end of intelligence distribution, Goddard  was dedicated to prevention at the lower end; suggested relationship between crime, vice and feeble-mindedness. Proposed genocide as the solution to ridding those who were "burden" on society; particulary thought non-Caucasians were more feeble-minded. "The Kallikak Family: A Study in theHeredity of Feeble-mindedness."--A book illustrating the differences in two sets of offsprings, one "mentally feeble", the other "healthy".

Goddard wanted to limit reproduction by "feebleminded" people, but he felt the public would not accept mass sterilization of this group, so instead, he proposed building institutions to house the bulk of them. At these institutions they would be prevented from conceiving children. Although his plan was expensive, Goddard argued that the long term benefits would outnumber the short term expense, since feeblemindedness would be eliminated in one generation and no longer be a financial burden. 

 He also believed that criminals could be identified by certain physical characteristics, and that the solution was "to sterilize them, allow them to perform only lowly jobs, confine them to ghettos, discourage them from marrying outside their race, and create a pure, American, superior intelligence to control them." 

-1912 William Stern  (1871-1938) : German psychologist who introduced the term "intelligence quotient" and abbreviation "IQ." The IQ test was designed in part to select cases eligible for eugenic sterilisation.

--The Roots of the I.Q. Debate

-1912 Theodor Fritsch:(1852-1933) founded the The Germanen Order (also called the Teutonic Order), founded in Berlin along with Hermann  Pohl, Philipp Stauff, and a few others; it was one of the many secret societies which swarmed in Germany at the beginning of the century.  In order to be admitted to the Community for German Beliefs, the candidate had to prove that he had no non-Aryan blood in his veins and that he will keep his blood pure through marriage. It is believed that the Germanen Order was also the "inner group" behind the so-called Hammer League (Hammerbund), which was solely dealing with disseminating anti-Semitic propaganda

Fritsch also wrote "Ten German Commandments of Lawful Self-Defense"  --
used to combined exhortations to ethnic pride and within-group cooperation with a program of economic and social boycott of Jews.  Such commandments include: 

-1914 Friedrich von Bernhardi  (1849-1930), who considered war as "an indispensable factor of civilization" and "a biological necessity of first order" (see Poliakov,1987, p. 344).

Works include "Germany and the Next War" (1914): 

-1914 Alexander Graham Bell (1847-1922) Scottish inventor known for inventing the telephone.  "How to Improve the Race," January 1914 issue of the Journal of Heredity, edited by Paul Popenoe.  Bell revealed himself as a "mainstream" eugenicist who believed in "positive eugenics," which aimed at increasing the percentage of healthy and talented individuals in succeeding generations, rather than in "negative eugenics," the term commonly ascribed to measures designed to prevent the spread of deleterious genes.

-1914 Encyclopaedia Britannica, description of black people.

"The Negro is intellectually inferior to the Caucasian." 

-1915 David Starr Jordan (1851-1931), Stanford University president an important American eugenicist, was typical in his dismissal of environmental arguments.   His major contribution to eugenic thought was the emphasis he placed on the dysgenic effect of modern warfare in such books as "War and the Breed,"

"No doubt poverty and crime are bad assets in one's early environment. No doubt these elements cause the ruins of thousands who, by heredity, were good material of civilization. But again, poverty, dirt, and crime are the products of those, in general, who are not good material. It is not the strength of the strong, but the weakness of the weak which engenders exploitation and tyranny. The slums are at once symptom, effect, and cause of evil.  Every vice stands in this same threefold relation."
He was also a trustee of the Carnegie Foundation, president of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the National Educational Association, California and Indiana. 

The Fear of Racial Suicide

"Race Suicide" theory-- Claimed that the greatly lowered birthrate of the better classes, coupled with the burgeoning birthrates of immigrants and the 
native-born poor, endangered the survival of "the race." "The race" was clearly a term that referred to the white, Anglo-Saxon race and a deep racism permeated the racial suicide period from its beginning in 1900 to 1910.

-1915 Major Robert Wilson Shufeldt (1850-1934) "America's Greatest Problem:  The Negro" comments on miscengenation:

"A young American artisan of excellent racial background met a pretty girl in Virginia and in due course married her. At the end of a year a boy was born. He was black as coal. The hair was kinky with all the typical Negro facial features. The mother swore that the husband was the father. He then quietly went to work to trace his wife's ancestors. After much trouble and expense, he finally ascertained that her great-grandmother was a Negro. It was in this stock, through cross breeding with Whites, that his young wife saw her pedigree. Her first child was simply a reversion to the black ancestry on her maternal side. I have heard of several other well  -authenticated cases of this nature."

-1915 D. W. (David Wark) Griffth (1875-1948)  produced a racist film titled "Birth of a Nation" which made a profound effect in the KKK's growth.  President Woodrow Wilson's response?

"It's like writing history with fighting.  And my only regret is that it is all so terribly true."
Other works include,  "Intolerance" (1916), "Broken Blossoms" (1919), "Way Down East" (1920), "Orphans of the Storm" (1921),  and "The Struggle" (1931).

-1916 Rudolf Kjeflen  Geopolitical theorists stress that natural political boundaries and access to important waterways are vital to a nation's survival.

--Alfred (Rudolf?) Kjellen, the Swedish creator of the term geopolitics to describe “physical structure,” one of the five “organs” of the state.; 

-1916 Madison Grant (1865-1937), in his book "The Passing of the Great Race": assembled full-blown eugenist platform. Proposed the elimination of 
those weak and unfit to curtail crime and disease. through sterilization.

"This is a practical, merciful, and inevitable solution of the whole problem, and can be applied to an ever widening circle of social discards, beginning always with the criminal, the diseased, and the insane, and extending gradually to types which may be called weaklings rather than defectives, and perhaps ultimately to worthless race types."    ---Madison Grant
He also wrote "The Conquest of a Continent" (1933) and the preface to "The Rising Tide of Color Against White World Supremacy".

-1916 Lewis Madison Terman (1877-1956), president of the American Psychological Association and of the National Academy of Sciences.  Terman was of the Galtonian school and believed that intelligence was genetic.  Academically best known for his revision of the Binet Scale (1916), his co-authorship of the Stanford Achievement Tests (SAT), and his massive four-volume "Genetic Studies of Genius" (1926- 30). Terman was a major voice in the eugenics movement, and was a key member of the Eugenics Society committee on psychometry.

He declared that 

"If we would preserve our state for a class of people worthy to possess it, we would prevent, as far as possible, the propagation of mental degenerates."
As a was a major voice in the eugenics movement, a key member of the Eugenics Society committee on psychometry. He introduced the Stanford-Binet tests into the US, he made it plain that low intelligence
"is very common among Spanish-Indian and Mexican families of the South-West and also among negroes. Their dullness seems to be racial, or at least inherent in the family stocks from which they come…Children of this group should be segregated in special classes…They cannot master abstractions, but they can often be made efficient workers…There is no possibility at present of convincing society that they should not be allowed to reproduce, although from a eugenic point of view they constitute a grave problem because of their unusually prolific breeding."
  "Genetic Studies of Genius" (1926-30), 4 vols.

-1917Robert M. Yerkes  (1876-1956) , president of the American Psychological Association; A professor of psychology at Harvard, Yerkes is particularly known for his mammoth World War I study of the IQ ratings of one and three-quarter million U.S. military recruits, compiled while he was head of the psychology division of the office of the United States Surgeon General. Yerkes proposed blanket administration of intelligence tests (Army Alpha test) to military recruits;  a second test, called the Beta, was developed for illiterate recruits. 

He stated, 

"We should not work primarily for the exclusion of intellectual defectives, but rather for the classification of men in order that they may be properly placed in the military service"
-1918 WWI  German blamed Jews and Socialists for their defeat.

-1918 Mary Harriman & Dynasty  made major finance contributions to the Eugenics Record Office (next to Cold Springs Harbor Laboratory), which was responsible for  publishing journal such as Eugenic News.  Her son Averell William Harriman (1891-1986) became an American statesman who served as  a leading U.S. diplomat in relations with  the Soviet Union during World War II and the Cold War period following World War II.

Hitler rises into power. Mass extermination spreads. 

-1919 German Worker's Party (which later evolved into the Nazi party), which Hitler joined in 1919. 

-1920 Nazi party  issued its 25-point platform, asserting that no Jew could never be a member of the German Volk. 

- 1920 Dr. Friedrich Krohn , a dentist who had belonged to several Völkisch groups, including the Germanen Order; In "Mein Kampf", Adolf Hitler claimed that the form in which the Nazis used the swastika was based on a design. The swastika, for long time a symbol of the Teutonic Knights, had  been in use by Lanz von Liebenfels,  the Thule Society and a number of Freikorps units. 

-1920 Raymond Pearl  (1879-1940) American population ecologist and geneticist; a chief proponent of statistical biology.  It was a new field and he called it "biometry" or biostatistics; he lectured on "The Inheritance of Fecundity" made clear his position within this tradition: 

"The progressive decline of the birth rate in all, or nearly all, civilized countries is an obvious and impressive fact.  Equally obvious and much more disturbing is the fact that this decline is differential. Generally it is true that those racial stocks which by common agreement are of high, if not the highest, value to the state or nation, are precisely the ones where the decline in reproduction rate has been most marked."
Pearl's research (an Institute for Biological Research at John Hopskins University), in the late 1920s was generously funded by the Rockefeller Foundation. He also helped establish the first birth control clinic in Baltimore. 

-1920 Margaret Louis Sanger  (1879-1966) - American founder of Planned Parenthood (formly known as the Birth Control League).  Her most famous book published in 1920 "Women and the New race" which endorses eugenics. She also opened up the first birth control clinic in the U.S. in 1916.

Who for eugenic reasons wanted to make contraceptives equally available to the poor as to the middle and upper income groups. A generous gesture upon her behalf?

"More children from the fit, less from the unfit," Sanger thought. She called blacks and Eastern European immigrants "a menace to human civilization" and "human weeds."

Reflecting on her eugenic beliefs she also wrote,

"As a matter of fact, Birth Control has been accepted by the most clear thinking and far seeing of the Eugenists themselves as the most constructive and necessary of the means to racial health."
[The Pivot of Civilization:  CHAPTER VIII: Dangers of Cradle Competition]

In 1939 she designed a special "Negro Project" aimed at promoting sterilization writing, 

"We do not want word to get out that we want to exterminate the Negro population."
 And she further states:
"The masses of Negroes ...particularly in the South, still breed carelessly and disastrously, with the result that the increase among Negroes, even more than among whites, is from that portion of the population least intelligent and fit..."

"...the most successful educational approach to the Negro is through a religious appeal. We do not want word to go out that we want to exterminate the Negro population and the Minister is the man who can straighten out that idea if it ever occurs to any of their more rebellious members." ["Killer Angel", by George Grant (biography of Margaret Sanger)]

See from page 101 of "The Pivot of Civilization"  Other Sanger quotes referencing eugenics --click here

-1921 Herbert Clark Hoover  (1929-1933) An American president who supported eugenics.  He was present at the second International Congress of Eugenics was held in 1921 at the American Museum of Natural History in New York.

-1922 Karl Haushofer (1869-1946) The founding father of "geopolitics"; he popularised Mackinder's theory of a Eurasian heartland central to world
dominance. German geographer who  took the idea to justify Germany's need for more territory for a growing population, and that notion was subsequently 
taken up by Hitler and the Nazis.  Haushofer became one of Hitler's closest advisers and  his theories, known as "Weltpolitik" were among the cornerstones of Nazi expansion. 

-1922 Lothrop Stoddard: a friend and protégé of Madison Grant who in his book "The Rising Tide of Color" argued that Bolshevism was a dangerous theory because it advocated universal equality rather than white supremacy.  Like his friend Grant, Stoddard was a strong anti-communist.

Stoddard explains that whites have political control over most of the world but are only 6% of the population.  They are stretched too thin so he proposes that the whites get out of Asia where they are totally outnumbered, restrict immigration into Canada, Australia, the United States and Europe mainly to whites, and maintain control of the resources of Africa and South America;

In 1940, he cited:

"The sterilization law is weeding out the worst strains in the Germanic stock in a scientific and truly humanitarian way."   ["Into the Darkness: Nazi Germany Today"]
Other works include"The Revolt Against Civilization: The Menace of the Under Man"

-1922John Powell (1882-1963) music composer who founded Anglo-Saxon Club of America--an elitist version of the KKK. It was a "white-male only" social club dedicated to "the maintenance of Anglo-Saxon institutions and ideals." His club was  very influential in getting the Virginia’s Racial Integrity Law of 1923 passed.   "The Breach in the Dike: An Analysis of the Sorrels Case Showing the Danger to Racial integrity from Intermarriage of Whites with So-Called indians." -- 

-1922 Warren G. Harding (1865-1923) An American president who approved the Immigration Restriction Act, establishing a quota system, blocking large number of unwelcomed immigrants into America.

-1923 Carl Brigham  - an early psychometrician; a key figure in the development of IQ tests and the driving force behind the SAT -  published "The Study of Ameriican Intelligence", declaring that: 

"our figures, then, would rather tend to disprove the popular belief that the Jew is intelligent," and "The decline of American intelligence will be more rapid than the decline of the intelligence of European national groups owing to the presence here of the Negro."
One of his works includes "Two Studies in Mental Tests"

-1923 Henry Ford, (1863-1947) a fascist and anti-semitic who published "The International Jew; The World’s Foremost Problem". During the Holocaust, he took advantaged of slave labor which occurred at death camps.

 "Ford 'used slave labour' from Auschwitz" -- 

"A Nazi document just made public names the Ford Motor Company as among the firms using slave labour from the Auschwitz death camp in Poland during World War II."  -- BBC News  World: Europe Wednesday, August 18, 1999 Published at 23:09 GMT 00:09 UK ]
Ford's foundation funded population control which included family planning programs, research and training in reproductive biology.  The Ford Foundation provided the seed capital for Demography; and that handmaiden of US foreign policy; USAID, funded the International  Family Planning.  Keep in mind, Hitler specifically praised Ford in "Mein Kampf".

-1923 Henry Fairfield Osborn (1857-1935), American paleontologist and museum administrator who greatly influenced the art of museum display and the education of paleontologists in the United States and Great Britain.

One of the founding members of the American Eugenics Society bragged about the intelligence testing  carried out by the army during WWI:

"I believe those tests were worth what the war [World War I] cost, even in human life, if they served to  show clearly to our people the lack of intelligence in our country, and the degrees of intelligence in different races who are coming to us, in a way which no one can say is the result of prejudice. ...  We have learned once and for all that the negro is not like us."
 IQ links -- 

-1923Earnest Sevier Cox  (1880-1966) leader of the White America Society and supported the transporting of blacks back to Africa; Cox wrote a book titled "White America" emphasized white supremacy and the dangers of race mixing.  In support of racial seperatism, he writes,

"If the Negro is not of a mettle to redeem a wilderness, surely he is not a fit associate for that race which, within recent generations,  has discovered and peopled the New World and extended race and civilizations to large and important portions of the Old World." [White America:  The American Racial Problem as Seen in a Worldwide Perspective --chapt. 13 ] Other works include "Teutonic Unity" (1951), "Unending Hate" (1955), "Jim Crow's Defense" (1965)

-1924 Racial Integrity Act of 1924, placed strict regulations as to who would qualify as a member of the white race. Law was struck down in 1967.

-1924 Calvin Coolidge (1923-1929) Signed an Immigration Act bill into law which set up strict quotas limiting immigrants from countries believed by eugenicists to have "inferior" stock, particularly Southern Europe and Asia. As vice president, he stated:

"America should be kept American. . . . Biological laws show that Nordics deteriorate when mixed with other races."

-1925 Adolf Hitler  (1889-1945) German Nazi leader who wrote "Mein Kampf" ("My Struggle") -- believed that races, including the Jews, are in a struggle for world domination, and he had a very great respect for the ability of Jews to carry on their struggle.

He writes that he sometimes asked himself "whether inscrutable Destiny . . . did not with eternal and immutable resolve, desire the final victory of this little nation" (p. 64); later he characterizes Jews as "the mightiest counterpart to the Aryan" (p. 300).

And as regard to propaganda, he writes,

"With the help of a skillful and continuous application of propaganda, it is possible to make the people conceive even heaven as hell." 
Hitler became Chancellor of Germany in 1933 and quickly "legalized" anti-Semitism by banning all Jews from government service. 

-1925 Hermann Schmitz  merged companies together to create IG Farben chemical manufacturing enterprise responsible for supplying the Nazis with poisonous gas used to murder Jews and others. He provided a big financial support for Hitler's regime.  According to the U.S. War Department,

"Without I. G.'s immense productive facilities, its intense re. search, and vast international affiliations, Germany's prosecution of the war would have been unthinkable and impossible;  Farben not only directed its energies toward arming Germany, but concentrated on weakening her intended victims, and this double-barreled attempt to expand the German industrial potential for war and to restrict that of the rest of the world was not conceived and executed "in the normal course of business." The proof is overwhelming that I. G. Farben officials had full prior knowledge of Germany's plan for world conquest and of each specific aggressive act later undertaken ...." [Elimination of German Resources, p. 943.]
American supporters of this war machine includes the leaders of Ford Motor Company, Federal Reserve Bank of New York, Bank of Manhattan, and Standard Oil Co. of New Jersey.  Read more about the IG Empire--click here.

-1925 George Bernard Shaw (1856-1950) British (Irish) dramatist, winner of the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1925.  anti-semitic;

"This is the real enemy, the invader from the East, the Druze, the ruffian, the oriental parasite; in a word: the Jew.  [London Morning Post, December 3, 1925] 

"This craving for bouquets by Jews is a symptom of racial degeneration. The Jews are worse than my own people.  Those Jews who still want to be the chosen race (chosen by the late Lord Balfour) can go to Palestine and stew in their own juice. The rest had better stop being Jews and start being human beings." [Literary Digest, October 12,1932]

-1925 Oliver Wendell Holmes (1841-1935) of the U.S. Supreme Court supported eugenics ruled in favor of sterilization in the case of Buck v. Bell.

“Those who are physically and mentally unhealthy and unfit must not perpetuate their sufferings in the bodies of their children.  Through educational means the state must teach individuals that illness is not a disgrace but a misfortune for which people are to be pitied, yet at the same time it is a crime and a disgrace to make this affliction the worse by passing it on to innocent creatures out of a merely egotistic yearning.” [writing for the majority in the case of Buck v. Bell]
Holmes wrote to his friend Lewis Einstein that 
"establishing the constitutionality of a law permitting the sterilization of imbeciles . . .gave me pleasure."

-1926 Irving Fisher  (1867-1947) became the racialist high priest of the economics faculty (Yale professor 1896-1946), and a famous merchant of British Empire propaganda for free trade and reduction of the non-white population. Fisher was founding president of the American Eugenics Society under the financial largesse of Averell Harriman's mother. 

The American Eugenics Society  was founded on the proposition that the wealth and social position of the upper classes was justified by their superior genetic endowment. Founders include Harry Crampton, Harry H. Laughlin, Madison Grant, and Henry Fairfield Osborn. 

-1928 Ale Hrdlika (1869–1943) American anthropologist who served as editor of "The American Journal of Physical Anthropology" and first president of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists.  In his article "Race Deterioration and Destruction with Special Reference to the American People," he defined "race deterioration" as "the degradation of its standards of mentality and effectiveness, generally attended  also by the lowering of those of physique" (p. 82). "Race destruction," another threat with which he was concerned, meant the loss of racial identity either "through complete submergence into another race" (p. 82) or simply by failure to reproduce itself.

-1929 Ralph Waldo Emerson  (1803-1882), American writer.

"Where the race is right, the place is right" [The Complete Writings of Ralph Waldo Emerson. Win. Wise & Co. New York. 1929.]

-1929 Tuskegee Syphilis Study 1929-1952 a study of possible differences in the effects of the disease on Caucasians and African Americans.  During the study a number of Negroes inTuskegee (Macon County), Alabama,with syphilis were left untreated but were observed, studied and compared to a control group which did not have the disease. 

-1929 Joseph Goebbels  (1897-1945) leader of Hitler's Ministry for Public Enlightenment and Propaganda which became responsible for putting the ideas of Hitler's Nazi Party into the German people's mind.

-1930 Alfred Rosenberg (1893-1946),  brought "The Protocols of the Elders of Zion" propaganda to Germany and to Hitler's attention, wrote "The Myth of the Twentieth Century" which emphasized the superiority of the Nordic race and the creation of a German national church based on race and purity of blood. 

According to Rosenberg, the Germans descended from a Nordic race that derived its character from its environment: a pure, cold, semi-Arctic continent, now disappeared. The Germans, as representatives of this race, were entitled to dominate Europe. Their enemies were "Russian Tartars" and "Semites." The latter included Jews, the Latin peoples, and Christianity, particularly the Catholic Church. Rosenberg's anti-Semitism and advocacy of "Nordic" expansionism gave a certain order and direction to Hitler's own violent prejudices.

-1930 Ellsworth Huntington, (1876-1947) U.S. geographer who explored the influence of climate on civilization; author of "Cowdry (ed) Human Biology and Racial Welfare" The effect of climate and weather.  Environmentalist view, biased in favor of temperate zone (European) superiority over other races from other zones because of the characteristics selected for by a temperate climate

"Heat, cold, storms are assumed to play a role in shaping racial morphology, physiology and behavior."
-1930 Kate Macy Ladd  (1863-1945) Also a supporter of the eugenics movement. Ladd founded the Josiah Macy, Jr Foundation in memory of her father which became instrumental in the spread of LSD during the 1950's.

-1931Franz Boas  (1858-1942) German Physicist, who became a founding father of American anthropology, Boas was an emphatic environmentalist;
Nature limits the cultural paths people may choose, he thought.

He claim that the solution to racial prejudice was the amalgamation, or interbreeding, of the races so that the differences in appearance would be eliminated.  Hence Boas is viewed as proposing a "solution" to the problem of racial differences equivalent to that of competitive racists--extinction of the Negro race. His racism, they claim, was simply less harsh in its methods. 

-1931 Earnest Albert Hooton  (1887-1954) "Up from the Ape"; respected Harvard professor who later became director of the Peabody Museum.  He became one of the main pioneers of physical anthropology, Hooton was an active member of the American Genetics Association and the Galton Society. 

Hooten saw eugenics in terms of different levels of human evolution, and strongly believed that different inherited personalities contributed to susceptibility to engage in criminal behavior. Hooton collated data on some seventeen thousand criminals, and took a keen interest in the effects of race mixing.  His "Up from the Ape" (1931), "Apes, Men and Morons" (1937) argued that heredity was at least as important as environment as a determinant of human behavior.

-1931 Cornelius Rhoades a pathologist who ran a study on an indeterminate number of Puerto Ricans deliberately infected with cancer by the Rockefeller Institute, which resulted in the death of thirteen. He would later be placed in charge of two chemical warfare projects and granted a seat on the Atomic Energy Commission. 

-1932 Prescott Bush and Herbert Walker,    held in dedication for these two grandfathers of the recent president Gearge W. Bush, the New York's American Museum of Natural History host of the Third International Congress of Eugenics. The purpose of the event was to call for the sterilization of fourteen million Americans. 

The Nazi Nightmare

Nazi's reign of terror lasts from 1933-1945. After years and years of pseudo-racial science devloping in the western world, 6 million Jews and 5 million non-Jews perished under the most barbaric actions committed in modern history.  Why?  Why didn't anyone do something about it beforehand?

-1933 Paul Bowman Popenoe  An American eugenist leader who became an inspiration to the German Sterilization law when he wrote the article in 
"Eugenic Sterilization" in the journal  'Birth Control Review' (BCR) that Margaret Sanger started. He was the director of the foremost German eugenics research institute (Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Genealogy, in Munich, Germany)

"The situation [in the U.S.A] will grow worse instead of better if steps are not taken to control the reproduction of mentally handicapped.   Eugenic sterilization represents one such step that is practicable, humanitarian, and certain in its results."
-1933 H.G. (Herbert Georget) Wells  (1846-1966) English novelist, journalist, sociologist, and historian, best known for such science fiction as "The Time Machine" and "The War of the Worlds"; supported the idea of planned racial "improvement." 

As an anti-semitic, he wrote:

"Zionism is an expression of Jewish refusal to assimilate. If the Jews have suffered, it is because they have regarded themselves as a chosen people." (The Anatomy of Frustration) 

"A careful study of anti-Semitism prejudice and accusations might be of great value to many Jews, who do not adequately realize the irritations they inflict." (Letter of November 11, 1933) 

-1934 Ernst Rudin (1874-1952) the chief architect of the Nazi's racial hygiene program.; He was a leader in claiming that psychiatry should take a major  role in purifying the race which, he said, involved ensuring that genetically "defective" persons shall not be able to propagate." 

"Eugenic Sterilization: An Urgent Need" article was published in the journal (BCR) Margaret Sanger started and continued to influence until its demise in 1940.

"My experience has led me to the conclusion that systematic and careful propaganda should be undertaken where sterilization is advisable. Such propaganda should, of course, be gradual and and should be directed in the first instance at the medical directors in institutions and schools, medical officers of health, and finally at private practitioners....."
 He also proclaimed: 
"We can hardly express our efforts more plainly or appropriately than in the words of the Fuhrer: 'Whoever is not physically or  mentally fit must not pass on his defects to his children. The state must take care that only the fit produce children. Conversely,   it must be regarded as reprehensible to withhold healthy children from the state.'"   ["Aufgaben and Ziele der Deutschen 1934  Gesellschaft fur Rassenhygiene," ] 
Rudin, along with Alfred Ploetz, also found the the Gesellschaft fur Rassenhygiene, or Society of Race-Hygiene in 1905.  ("Permission to Destroy Life Devoid of Value" 1922 encouraged the practice of euthanasia)

In 1930, Rudin walked away with a large grant from the Rockefeller Foundation to finance his research, which would occupy an entire floor at the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute.

-1934 Dr. P. W. Laidler, Medical Officer for Health of East London is quoted as saying,

[article for the "S.A. Tydskrif vir Geneeskundiges"]

-The Nuremberg Laws of 1935: prevented marriage and all sexual contact between the groups. The laws prohibited Jews from employing German women
under the age of forty-five as domestic servants--presumably an attempt to prevent Jewish men in a superior position from having sexual contact with fertile gentile women. 

-1934 Heinrich Himmler (1900-1945) became deputy chief of the Gestapo--secret police; Himmler was responsible for the extermination of mass numbers of Jews.

-1935 Otmar Freiherr von Verschuer, (1896-1969)  one of the premier minds in the field of genetics; one of Rudin's colleagues said that he was 

"responsible for ensuring that the care of genes and race, which Germany is leading worldwide, has such a strong base that it will withstand any attacks from outside."
Verschuer was Director of the Third Reich Institute for Heredity, Biology and Racial Purity.  A few years after the war, von Verschuer founded the Institute of Human Genetics in Munster, where he worked educating another generation until his death in 1969. 

-1935 Alexis Carrel  (1873-1944) - an American Nobel laureate who published "Man, the Unknown", declaring:

"There remains the unsolved problem of the immense number of defectives and criminals. They are an enormous burden for the part of the population that has remained normal … In Germany, the government has taken energetic measures against the multiplication of inferior types, the insane and criminals … Perhaps prisons should be abolished. They could be replaced by smaller and less expensive institutions. The conditioning of petty criminals with the whip, or some more scientific procedure, followed by a short stay in hospital, would probably suffice to insure order. Those who have [committed more serious crimes] should be humanely and economically disposed of in small euthanasia institutions supplied with proper gasses. A similar treatment could be advantageously applied to the insane, guilty of criminal acts. Modern society should not hesitate to organize itself with reference to the normal individual."
In other words, eliminate the insane and criminal by providing small euthanasia institutions equipped with suitable gases. Sounds like the death penalty in modern day America, doesn't it? 

-1935 Lord Moynihan,  president of the Royal College of Surgeons, founded the Euthanasia Society

-1935 Arnold Joseph Toynbee, (1889-1975) historian who wrote 12-volume "A Study of History" (1934-61). He argued that 

"civilizations come to birth in environments that are unusually difficult and not unusually easy." (vol. 11 p. 259)
 Since Africans and other "dark races" resided in an easier climate,
"When we classify mankind by colour, the only one of the primary races...which has not made a creative contribution to any of our twenty-one civilizations is the black race." [The Study of History, Vol. I, page 233]

-1935Benito Mussolini  (1883-1945)  A fascist Italian dictator who, without warning, enacted  anti-Semitic legislation (1938) that led the way to the Holocaust in Italy.  Sad thing about it, no one took a stand.  Mussolini joined Hitler's Nazi crusade in exterminating Italian Jews. "Fascism: Doctrine and Institutions, 1935" [-- More information on Mussolini --  ]

-1936 Branimir Males"Human Races" said that "Aryan" described Germans, Scandinavians, Slovenes and "Alpines," which were largely French and Italians.

-1937Wickliffe Preston Draper, (1937-1972) the founder of The Pioneer Fund, a white supremacist organization that is still functioning today.   The scope of the organization according to them is to do:

"empirical research that furthers our knowledge of the nature of human differences, including individual, racial, and gender differences, specifically in educationally, socially, and economically important characteristics, with  emphasis on the physical basis of such differences, including genetic, hormonal, biochemical, evolutionary or other biological sources of human variation, and empirical (not 'armchair') research on the eugenic or dysgenic consequences of population trends in such characteristics for the quality of life in our present day society and in the foreseeable future."
Draper is the epitome of an American Hitler in the guise of a philanthropic and well educated millionaire. His family owned Draper Corporation.  Draper's vitriolic hatred for President John F. Kennedy was epitomized by his direct financial sponsorship of several publications that led the character assassination attacks on him during the 1950's when he was a Senator from Massachusetts. The Draper family, in 1967 became the largest shareholder in Rockwell-Standard, which later became Rockwell International, one of the two largest defense contractors in the entire universe along with the Lockheed Corp.

|- T.T. (Thomas Talbot) Waterman, a prominent ethnologist of the day, stated that "Negroes" were by far the most primitive race on Earth; so primitive, in fact, that they faced danger of extinction due to their inability to adapt to modern society. As such, Waterman urged his fellow Caucasians to "save out a few good Negro types."

-1937Pope Pius XI  (1857-1939) condemned racism to protect "Jewish-Catholic" converts, he refrained from opposing Nazi anti-Semitic policy, as the black cloud of mass extermination was advancing.

-1937Henry Chauncey,  an assistant dean at Harvard who succeeded in persuading the Ivy League schools to adopt the SAT as a scholarship test, made the following notes:

"1) Much less in the way of factual or formal learning is now felt to be necessary for the successful carrying on of college work than was expected a generation ago.

2) Possibly more intellectual powers -- ability to handle problems in a chosen field of study -- are required than formerly.

3) Intelligence tests are an aid to admissions practically unknown a generation ago."

-1938-9 Madagascar Plan: Nazi Germany tried to use the Madagascar Plan for financial and foreign policy arrangements, but Madagascar was still a French colony. 

-1939 Frederick Hielscher founded the Ahnenerbe whose mission was to locate the origins of the "Nordic" race which, according to Nazi lore, was of Aryan stock. They also had archaeologists digging up all of Europe for remains of Germanic cultures; organized several expeditions to Tibet. Their purpose was to locate the origins of the "Nordic" race which was, according to the Nazi theoreticians, of Indo-Germanic stock. But the main goal of these expeditions was to get in touch with the spiritual "power-plant" producer of Vril.

--Summit of Mount Elbruz, the sacred mountain of the Aryan race located in the Caucus mountains

War World II  (WWII)  begins 1939 and lasts until 1945. 

-1939 Eugen Fischer, (1874-1967) psychologist who urged the annihilation of "Negro" children. Fischer theorized that blacks were devoid of value and useless for employment other than for "manual crafts." Director of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute of Anthropology, Human Heredity, and Eugenics in Berlin,

 At a lecture he cited:

"The Jew is such an alien and, therefore, when he wants to insinuate himself, he must be warded off. This is self-defense. In saying this, I do not characterize every Jew as inferior, as Negroes are, and I do not underestimate the greatest enemy with whom we have to fight...."
-1939 Karl Brandt  began the practice of  "euthanasia" of "undesirables"; first documented killing of a handicapped child named Knauer by Hitler's personal physician.  (Brandt's profile)

-1939 Charles Augustus Lindbergh (1902-1974) an American aviator remembered for the first nonstop solo flight across the Atlantic, from New York to Paris, on May 20-21, 1927.  As an anti-semtic he made this remark regarding the Jews:

"We are disturbed about the effect of the Jewish influence in our press, radio and motion pictures. It may become very serious. [Fulton] Lewis told us of one instance where the Jewish advertising firms threatened to remove all their advertising from the Mutual system if a certain feature were permitted to go on the air. The threat was powerful enough to have the feature removed."
During WWII, Lindbergh served as a consultant for the Ford Motor Company and to the United Aircraft Corporation.

-1940"Final Solution"  the complete extermination of European Jewry began as Polish Jews were being imprisoned.   Himmler suggested sending the Jews to Africa:

"However cruel and tragic each individual case may be, this method is still the mildest and best, if one rejects the  Bolshevik method of physical extermination of a people out of inner conviction as un-German and impossible."
War broke out and thus the "plan" was discarded. Alternate, more drastic, more horrific solutions were being proposed to eliminate the Jews of Europe. Within a year, the killing process had begun. 

-1942 Julian Sorell Huxley, (1887-1975) Grandson of Thomas Henry Huxley who wrote "Evolution. The Modern Synthesis"; founded and directed United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) ; a determined eugenicist who used his global platform very effectively. 

"We must face the fact that now, in this year of grace, the great majority of human beings are substandard: they are undernourished, or ill, or condemned to a ceaseless struggle for bare existence; they are imprisoned in ignorance or superstition. ä We must see to it that life is no longer a hell paved with unrealised opportunity. ä In this light, the highest and most sacred duty of man is seen as the proper utilisation of the untapped resources of human beings."
Huxley continued, 
"I find myself inevitably driven to use the language of religion. For the fact is that all this does add up to something in the nature of a religion: perhaps one might call it Evolutionary Humanism. The word 'religion' is often used restrictively to mean belief in gods; but I am not using it in this sense ... I am using it in a broader sense, to denote an overall relation between man and his destiny, and one involving his deepest feelings, including his sense of what  is sacred. In this broad sense, evolutionary humanism, it seems to me, is capable of becoming the germ of a new religion, not necessarily supplanting existing religions but supplementing them." ["Evolution in Action" (New York Signet 1957) p 132.] 
-1943 Walker Ashley Plecker , Virginia's first Registrar of Vital Statistics classified people as either "white" or "colored".  He feared those who wanted to "pass" in such a way to gain  special privileges designated for whites. So he attempted to investigate "mixed-race" families.  Letters from archive --

-1944 Gunnar Myrdal  (1898-1987) Swedish economic researcher and Nobel prize winner who published "AN AMERICAN DILEMMA: THE NEGRO

"[T]here is no doubt that the overwhelming majority of white Americans desire that there be as few Negroes as possible in America. If the Negroes could be eliminated from America or greatly decreased in numbers, this would meet the whites' approval-- provided that it could be accomplished by means which are also approved." [Review--click here]
Sponsored by Carnergie, Myrdal  is trained in the discipline of economics. While utilizing varied interdisciplinary sciences, explores every imaginable aspect of Black life (within historical context, we will frequently herein use the term Negro as it is applicable within this mid-century study).  At various times Myrdal goes so far as to propose methods by which America might relieve itself of its longstanding "problem." His systemic genocide theme is sustained and systematic planning toward the end of managing Blacks as a material resource for American benefit, as opposed to human beings in all their potential. 

 Post-WWII:  Eugenics Survives as Civil Rights Rises

Eugenicists dropped the term "eugenicist" in describing themselves and began referring to themselves as "population scientists," "human geneticists," "psychiatrists," "sociologists," "anthropologists," and "family politicians" in order to distance themselves away from Hitler.

Among other things, the Civil Rights Movement challenges the belief of inequality of man.  Laws prohibiting racial integregation, interracial marriages, and immigrations soon found their way out the door.   But is it over? Can a society built upon such an immoral institution find redemption?

-1946 Cyril Burt (1883-1971) a preeminent eugenicist who became the first president of Mensa was formed - the first international organization for the intellectually 'gifted'. In 1950, Cyril Burt published the results of some of his twin studies, purportedly showing data that supported his eugenics views. His studies claimed to prove that poverty was due to the intellectual inferiority of the working class. 

 In 1937 he published yet another eugenically minded tome, which he titled "The Backward Child".

-1946 Arthur Keith    "Evolution and Ethics"  -- 

-1947 Thor Heyerdahl 1947 (1914-living) a world-renowned explorer and archaeologist. He claimed that early Native American was super imposed upon them by a white racial stock. In his book titled Kon-Tiki, Heyerdahl writes, 

". . . There is not a trace of gradual development in the high civilizations which once stretched from Mexico to Peru. The deeper the archeologists dig, the higher the culture, until a definite point is reached at which the old civilizations have clearly arisen without any foundation in the midst of primitive cultures."
[Dr. Thor Heyerdahl's Homepage   ]

-1948 Francis Parker Yockey  (1917-1960) An American fascist who died in jail; best known for his masterpiece "Imperium," a book in which he dedicated to Hitler.  Imperium is a an infuriating work for Racial Nationalists for whom the survival of the White Race is a paramount issue. 

Yockey was opposed to "materialistic," "biological," or "scientific" racialism, and instead proposed a complex spiritual-cultural racial theory. He was also concerned for the preservation and expansion of Western civilization. He asserted that non-whites could become members of the "White Race" to the degree to which they inwardly and truly assimilated Western values and personally identified with Western Culture. 

 FOUR ESSAYS by Francis Parker Yockey -- The Tragedy of Youth (1939), What is Behind the Hanging of the Eleven Jews in Prague? (1952), "The Destiny of America" (1955), "The World in Flames" (1961)  and "On Propaganda in America"

-1948 Strom James Thurmond  (1902-living)  states rights segregationist Dixiecrat candidate who ran for president and took the south's support with him. 

In 1956 Thurmond drafted the "Southern Manifesto"--a document drawn up by some of the more rigid segregationist members of the United States Congress declaring Supreme Court decision ordering school desegregation was illegal.. 

"We pledge ourselves to use all lawful means to bring about a reversal of this decision which is contrary to  the Constitution and to prevent the use of force in its implementation." ["Southern Manifesto" (1956) ]
He set a filibuster record against the 1957 Civil Rights Act which still remains today. 
"Many Negroes simply lack sufficient political consciousness to . . . participate in political and civic affairs...a great number probably also lack certain other qualities prerequisite to casting a truly intelligent ballot." [Thurmond explains to Harvard Law School in 1957]
Thurmond switched into the Republican Party in 1964 where he served as the longest and oldest member of the U.S. Senate representing the state of South Carolina. 

-1950 William Clouser Boyd  (1903-living) biochemist; author of "Genetics and the Races of Man"  Application of genetic analysis to questions of racial differences,  focusing on population adaptation.  In 1956 he identified 13 “races” of humans based on blood groups.

-1950Willis Smith (1887-1953) ran one of the meanest and most racially divisive Senate campaign in the country's history.  He University of North Carolina president Frank Porter Graham by featuring ads that showed a doctored photo of the incumbent's wife dancing with a black man.  When Smith won, he rewarded Jesse Helms with a job as staff administrative assistant.

Theory of Demographic Transition-- This 'theory' held that wide-ranging shifts in a large number of socio-economic variables, among others urbanisation, industrialisation, rising standards of living, the health revolution, together brought under the rubric of modernization, had led to a decline of death rates followed, after a gap by a decline of birth rates. That is to say demography carried a perspective that viewed population as a dependent variable; and socio-economic factors the determining independent variables. Motivation to have children changed (after WWII) in response to structural changes in the social system; in other  words population was determined by socio-economic conditions. 

Eugenicists' solution?  Population Control.  Shoot for a "zero population grwoth" around the world by any means necessary.  Shhhhh, don't alarm the people in letting them know what's going on.  Every since the Nazi's went into full-force with their program, the idea of eugenics has earned a bad reputation.

-1952 John Foster Dulles, (1888-1959) served as U.S. secretary of state (1953-59) under President Dwight D. Eisenhower.  He established the Population Council in conjunction with John D. Rockefeller III.

-1952 John Davison Rockefeller III (1888-1959)--pumped Tens of millions of dollars of Rockefeller grant money into the "Population Council,"  responsible for issuing the first reports and manifestos in favor of "zero population growth" to appear in the US. And its  "Annual Report, 1979," trumpeted its continuing dedication to "the spread of government-supported family planning programs throughout the developing sector" and "the spread of the zero population growth movement and the Club of Rome`s Malthusianism in developed countries."

-1952 William Hubbs Rehnquist  (1924-living) Current Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court who supported Jim Crow laws.  As as  young clerk for a member of the Supreme Court, Justice Robert Jackson, he  wrote a memo for his boss concerning  Brown v the Board of Education stating,

"I realise," wrote Rehnquist, "that it is an unpopular and unhumanitarian position, for which I have been excoriated by `liberal'  colleagues, but I think Plessy v Ferguson was right and should be reaffirmed." 
He felt , that it was "about time the [Supreme] Court faced the fact that the white people of the south don't like the coloured people."

Rehnquist also recently strucked down the University of Maryland's scholarships for black students claiming that it was unconstitutional.

-1952 International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF): Sipporters include,

-1953 Atomic Energy Commission and the Quaker Oats company fed a group of 'retarded' boys in Massachusetts radioactive cereal;  According to report, 

"The experiment was intended to determine whether a diet heavy in cereals could contribute to malnutrition by blocking the absorption of minerals. Radioactive iron was given to boys at the Fernald school in Waltham, Massachusetts at meals, so that the iron's absorption  could be traced." [MIT, Quaker Oats to settle radiation experiment suit",  CNN Dec. 17 1998 ]
-1954 Hugh M Moore,  an American millionaire, established the Hugh Moore Fund which published a pamphlet called "The Population Bomb".

-1956 Major General Frederick Osborn  (1937-1958), a master propagandist and dominant figure in the crypto-eugenics movement. He said people "won't accept the idea that they are in general, second rate.  We must rely on other motivation." 

He called the new motivation "a system of voluntary unconscious selection."  The way to persuade people to exercise this voluntary unconscious selection was to appeal to the idea of "wanted" children.  Osborn said, "Let's base our 
proposals on the desirability of having children born in homes where they will get affectionate and responsible care."   In this way, the eugenics movement "will move at last towards the high goal which Galton set for it." 

Osborn is often credited with reforming the eugenics movement after World War II, and purging the racism.  However, during the  time of this reform, he was President of the Pioneer Fund holding that office secretly from 1947 to 1956. 

 Author of "Dynamics of Population; Preface to Eugenics"; editor "Heredity and Environment"

-1957Carlos Paton Blacker, proposed crypto-eugenics (or secret eugenics) and founded cover organizations like the Population Council and the International Planned Parenthood Federation

"That the Society should pursue eugenic ends by less obvious means, that is by a policy of crypto-eugenics, which was apparently proving successful in the US Eugenics Society."

-1957Orval Eugene Faubus  (1910-1994) The governor of Arkansas who used the state National Guard to stop the integration of the largest high school in the state of Arkansas, Central High School. He attempted to prevent 9 Little Rock black children  from attending school with whites.  [School Integration  ]

-1958 Robert Welch  (1899-1985) founder of the anti-Communist John Birch Society supporting it with leadership and finance.  Welsh formed the organization in memory of his friend John Birch, who  was a Christian missionary murdered by Chinese Communists at the end of WWII.  Since then, him and his followers has been   on a crusade for issuing the New World Order.  In 1956 he wrote "A Letter to the South" --  explaining why he thinks federally regulated desegregation is more harmful and less effective than voluntary desegregation.

-1958 Audrey Shuey, author of the book "Psychology and Life", wrote that IQ test scores "inevitably point to the presence of native [genetic] differences between Negroes and  whites...."In "The Testing of Negro Intelligence" Shuey claimed that Blacks, on the average, scores 15 to 20 points lower than Whites. 

-1959 George Lincoln Rockwell  (1918-1967) -- who promulgated the self-styled American Nazi Party;  His stated desire to "gas" American Jews
 for treason and deport all blacks to Africa embarrassed even others on the far Right and ensured he would be a political pariah.  In 1966 he coined the term "white power" to counter act "black power."

 Written books such as "White Power" .

-1960's Henry Edward Garrett   Columbia University psychologist; maintained that people of African lineage are in fact 200,000 years behind 
those of fairer complexion. In the midst of the civil rights movement he condemned desegregation, with its presumably inevitable sexual mingling of blacks and whites, as “breeding down.” 

His works include "Great Experiments in Psychology" (1979) and  "Statistics in Psychology & Education" (1982) 

-1961Louis S.B. Leakey  (1903-1972)   Anthropologist Committed to research related to human origins, behavior and survival.  Asserts that 

"As a social anthropologist, I naturally accept and even stress the fact that there are major differences, both mental and psychological, which separate the different races of mankind.  Indeed, I would be inclined to suggest that however great may be the physical differences between such races as the European and the Negro, the mental and psychological differences are greater still." [The Progress And Evolution Of Man In Africa]
Founder of The Leakey Foundation.

-1963 Carleton Putnam (1902-1998) a founder and former chairman of Delta Airlines; defended segregation. As a writer, in an address to the Washington Putnam Letters Club,

"If a man acknowledges the facts of race, he is a racist. I suppose if he acknowledges the facts of sex he is a sexist!"  [Published in The Mankind Quarterly, Vol. IV, No. 1, pp. 12-27. See p. 19.]

-1963 Eugene "Bull" Conner  the Police Commissioner of Birmington, Alabama attacked peaceful non-violent black protesters with dogs and fire-hose. This televised action alerted the nation about the racial problems in the south.

-1963 George Corley Wallace  (1919-1998), southern dixiecrat Alabama governor who preached,

"Segregation now! Segregation tomorrow! Segregation forever!"
He fought vehemently against civil rights and desegregation. Known for standing in from of the doorway of the administration building of the University of Alabama, denying two black students admission until President Kennedy brought in the national guard.  For more information on George Wallace, click here

-1964 Barry Goldwater  (1909-1998) voted against the Civil Rights Act of 1964, for the first time helped attract large numbers of the most racially conscious white Southerners into the GOP.  He favored equal opportunity without government intervention.  In other words, he opposed protecting minority rights by law which he viewed any legislation regarding civil rights as unconstitution. 

"Our aim, as I understand it, is neither to establish a segregated society nor to establish an integrated society as such. It is to preserve a free society.... One thing that will surely poison and embitter our relations with each other is the idea that some  predetermined bureaucratic schedule of equality--and, worst of all, a schedule based on the concept of race--must be imposed."   [presidential campaign speech, 1964.]
-1965  "Agenda for the Year 2000" --calling for zero population growth in the Third World. 

-1965 Daniel Patrick Moynihan  (1927-living) advised President Nixon to begin a period of "benign neglect" in the area of civil rights. The new conservatism  stressed that there is plenty of equality of opportunity in the nation, but that minorities fail to take advantage of this.  "The Negro Family: The Case for National Action," (also known as the Moynihan Report) a 48-page report suggested that legalized discrimination was not the main problem facing most black families in city ghettos. Even if barriers were torn down, blacks would still face a competitive disadvantage against the rest of American society. Moynihan is now serving as a U.S. Senator representing New York.

-1966 Roger Pearson, (1946-1993), a fascist who argued for the use of modern biological technology in order to protect the white race from "inferior" genetic stock. He wanted to produce "a new super-generation" from a chosen few said to be "fit" population.  In his book "Eugenics and Race", he contends,

"If a nation with a more advanced, more specialised, or in any way superior set of genes mingles with, instead of exterminating, an inferior tribe, then it commits racial suicide, and destroys the work of thousands of years of biological isolation and natural selection."
Pearson recieved thanks from Ronald Reagan who appreciated his "substantial contribution to promotion and upholding those ideals and principles that we value at home and abroad."  His other works include "Race, Intelligence and Bias in Academe"  which discusses differences in races.

-1966 Lyndon Baines Johnson  (1908-1973) American president who supported public funding for population control.  He stated:

"Let us act on the fact that less than five dollars invested in population control is worth a hundred dollars invested in economic growth:  John D Rockefeller emphasised the limitations of private efforts at population control hitherto employed and called for greater governmental participation. The problems of population are so great, so important, so ramified and so immediate that only government, supported and inspired by private initiative, can attack them on the scale required"

-1967William B. Shockley (1910-1989) American engineer and teacher; Nobel Prize Winner quoted as saying this about rewriting history:

"The lesson to be drawn from Nazi history is the value of free speech, not that eugenics is intolerable."
In 1972, Shockley delivered an address before the American Psychological Association in which he called for a program in which welfare recipients would be paid $1,000 for each IQ point below 100 if they would submit to voluntary sterilization.
"The major cause for American Negroes intellectual and social deficits is hereditary and racially genetic in origin and thus not remedial to a major degree by improvement in environment." - [Dr. William Shockley, of Stanford Uniiversity, Nobel Prize winner]

 Sociological Racism

Sociological racism is the modern excuse for oppression in which society blames the oppressed racial groups for living in inferior conditions.   Since the oppressors already have it set in their mind of the groups being inferior,  failure usually results in a  self-fulfilling prophecy.  It's pretty much like telling a kid all of his/her life that he/she will never mount to anything in life.  With little to no support from the society, the child believes it and sees no hope in his/her future outcome.

1)  Ethnocentrism-- "The tendency to view one's own culture as best and to judge the behavior and beliefs of people in other societies by one's own standards."  (Quote from Conrad Kottak)  [Ethnocentricm:  What is it?

2)  Cultural relativism--The idea that one should try to evaluate and understand another culture/society on its own terms and relative to its own values and beliefs. 

-1967Arthur Robert Jensen  (1923-present) American Educational Psychologist; he focused on individual differences in learning, especially the influences of culture, development, and genetics on intelligence and learning. He has concentrated much of his work on the learning difficulties of culturally 
disadvantaged students. He claimed that 80 percent of intelligence is based on heredity, and 20 percent on environment. As a result, he was convinced that intelligence is fundamentally an inherited trait. 

 Jensen concluded, 

"that the well-known differences in performance on intelligence tests of American blacks and white, with whites as a group regularly scoring higher than blacks as a group at all social-class levels, were due to inherent and essentially unchangeable intellectual differences between the two races, rather than to the effects of poverty, discrimination, and similar remediable factors"   ["How Much Can We Boost I.Q. and Scholastic Achievement?," Harvard Educational Review,(February, 1969)]

In his 1979 book, "Bias in Mental Testing", he presented the values and validity of mental tests. Jensen concluded,

"None of these attempts to create highly culture-reduced tests had succeeded in eliminating, or even appreciably reducing, the mean differences between certain subpopulations--race and social class. . . . It's better to reply on a test than on the whims of an interviewer or employer. The tests are color blind, and that should be reassuring."

-1969 Jürgen Rieger  a European fascist preoccupied with establishing unity within the "Nordic race." 

"Our goal is the consolidation of the European countries of the Germanic language and culture group. This 'Nordic Federation' will be the cultural and political centre, the support and refuge for those of the Nordic race outside Europe" (The Northlander, August/October, l969).
He attended a Northern League meeting and concluded:
"The Teutonic nations of Europe share a common heritage and are of the same racial extraction. It would  be natural for them to strive for political union and unity of power. Our peoples have common enemies. Let us fight for a Teutonic confederation that must come!" (The Northlander, December, 1970).
"Rasse: ein", "Problem auch für uns! (Race: also a problem for us)" he emphasizes the concept of racial purity while warning against "the disastrous effects of bastardising" races.

-1970 George O. Ferguson, in "The Psychology of the Negro", claimed that the average IQ of a white was 100, while the average score of a black was 75. Those blacks that did have higher scores must have had lighter skin color, reasoned Ferguson.  "Psychology of the Negro: An Experimental Study" 

-1970Edward C. Banfield  (1916-1999) social scientist who declared that now that racial barriers had been destroyed, any further failure to make progress had to be ascribed to the minorities themselves

-1970 William L. Pierce  a former American Nazi Party official; transformed the "Youth for Wallace" (a campaign organization in support of George Wallace) into "The National Alliance".  Using the pseudonym Andrew Macdonald, he authored the novel "The Turner Diaries," which details a successful world revolution by an all-white army, and the systematic extermination of Blacks, Jews, and other minorities. Pierce continues to encourage violence, viewing it as the ultimate solution to what he terms "the Jewish problem."  the NA calls for the creation of "White Living Space" purged of all non-whites and demands the formation of a government "wholly committed to the service of [the white] race and subject to no non-Aryan influence."

"All the homosexuals, race-mixers and hard-case collaborators in the country who are too far gone to be re-educated can be rounded up, packed into 10,000 or so cattle cars, and eventually double-timed into an abandoned coal mine in a few days' time."

-1971 Hans J. Eysenck  (1916-1997) A pyschology student of Cecil Burt, introduced clinical psychology as a profession into the country; believes that intelligence is a inheritability trait.  His single most influential paper is the one linking general intelligence to mental speed. 

 He declared a genetic linkage of IQ to race in his books, "Race, intelligence and education" and "A Model for Intelligence." (1971)   In "Inequality of Man" (1973) Eysenck made a connection between people's own mental abilities and genes with social problems.  Eysenck's Official Website 

-1972 J. D. J. Hofmeyr, the South African geneticist who argued for the importance of racial differences, alleging that 

"cultures and civilizations, far from being a product of the environment, are intimately linked to the innate capacities of the races which have created them."
In Hofmeyr's opinion, differences between races are unchangeable: 
"Races were formed thousands and thousands of years ago, and they remain just how they were formed."
This means, according to the South Africa geneticist, that blacks will remain mentally inferior to whites.

-1972 Richard Milhous Nixon  (1913-1994) American president who capitalized and refined Goldwater's 1964  "Southern Strategy" but Nixon team called it, "positive polarization."    --  He achieved his goal by pitting a singled-out minority, such as African Americans, against a fearful majority, such as angry Southern whites. The key was  to play directly into the hands of bigotry and intolerance, veering away from the heritage of the party of Lincoln.

-1972 T.L. Pilkington  in "The Practitioner" called for yet further murders to be committed.

"...there seem to be clear indications that technologically developed nations will be rapidly obliged to review the complexity of the life that they create, embark on a modern eugenic programme designed to steepen the tail of the graph of the normal I.Q. distribution below 100 or consider some form of legalised euthanasia. It is possible, of course, that the final `solution' will combine all these with increasing methods of specific prevention."

-1972 Kingsley Davis  (1908-1997) explained the need for genetic control, and examined the obstacles, including a widespread attachment to the ideal of family life. But he saw some hope ofdeveloping a more effective program of improving the human race, although improvement would be slow: 

"Under the circumstances, we shall probably struggle along with small measures at a time, with the remote possibility that these may eventually evolve into a genetic control system.  The morality of specific techniques of applied genetics -- artificial insemination, selective sterilisation, ovular transplantation, eugenic abortion, genetic record keeping, genetic testing -- will be thunderously debated in theological and Marxian terms dating from ages  past. Possibly, within half a century or so, this may add up to a comprehensive program." [Davis, Kingsley Sociological Aspects of Genetic Control in Readings in Populations edited by William Petersen (New York Macmillan 1972) p. 379] 


-1973 Ben Klassen  (1918-1993)  founder of Church of the Creator. In publishing a 511-page book entitled "Nature's Eternal Religion"  Klassen wrote, 

"we completely reject the Judeo-democratic-Marxist values of today and supplant them with new and basic values, of which race is the foundation."
He views non-whites as subhuman "mud people, and called for "Rahowa," an acronym for "Racial Holy War," in which whites wage a "total war" against Jews and non-whites, "politically,  militantly, financially, morally and religiously." After Klassen's suicide in 1993, the organization was taken over by Matt Hale in 1996 who renamed it as World Church of the Creator.

Genetic engineering--why not manipulate human genes in such a way to contruct a "perfect" person?

-1973 Stanley Cohen and Herbert Brown  invented genetic engineering by transplanting a gene between bacteria; precursory for the idea of "gene therapy."

|-1974 J.R. Baker , In "Race" he writes:about an African tribe he described as "inferior":

"Perhaps no [African] taxon or tribe has been more universally disdained than the people called by missionaries 'Bergdama'....Its members live in isolated groups in the hilly regions of South West Africa. Many of them were mercilessly massacred by the Hottentots, who enslaved most of those who survived. [They] adopted the language of their masters and forgot their own. They did not even remember the name of their tribe. {Another Negrid tribe,} the Ovahero, called them 'Ovazorotua' (inferior blacks) and like the Hottentots they killed and enslaved them. Certain anthropologists have view with the oppressors of [the Bergdama] in denigrating these unfortunate people.... A standing joke against them among their neighbours was that they descended from  monkeys -- a belief apparently accepted at one time by themselves. It is to be remarked that Galton.....did not concur in the opinions expressed by their detractors and....relates a very remarkable instance of the honesty of one of them."
And he further makes statements regarding African males' gentalia: 
"That Negrids have larger penes is sometimes questioned, but those who doubt it are likely to change their minds if they will look at photographs nos. 8, 9, 20, 23, 29 and 37 in H.A. Bernatzik's (1929) illustrated book, Zwischen weissem Nil und  Belgish-Kongo (Vienna : Seidel). These represent naked male Nilotids {Africans of the Sudan area}, and appear convincing."
(No wonder Mrs. Baker divorced himto be with some big black guy.)

-1976 Arthur R. Butz  the author of a modern anti-semitic book entitled, "The hoax of the Twentieth Century" which blatantly denies the the Nazi extermination of the Jews ever taking place. According to Butz it is a 

"most pernicious hoax...a monstrous lie . . . The Jews of Europe were not exterminated and there was no German attempt to exterminate them."
He accuses Zionist of spreading false propaganda. 
[Home Webpage of Author R. Butz ]

-1978 William Joseph Casey (1913-1987) A CIA Director who founded the the Manhattan Institu te another eugenically minded foundation.   The primary corporate sponsor was the Rockefeller-controlled Chase Manhattan Bank; others included Citicorp, Time Warner, Proctor & Gamble, Bristol-Meyers, Squibb, CIGNA and Lilly. Casey also co-founded with Prescott Bush, a New York City "think tank".

-1979 Willis A. Carto (1926-living) founded the Institute for Historical Review (IHR), a Holocaust denial movement. They claim that the account of Nazi genocide universally accepted by legitimate  historians is false, either in its entirety or in most of its central  facts. To support this claim, they distort and even fabricate history. "On the Uses of History" (1981) -- 

-1983 Jesse Helms  (1921-living) a southern dixiecrat like Thurmond. North Carolina republican U.S. Senator. He introduced a bill to eliminate all affirmative action programs, which he denounced as "reverse discrimination at the hands of ruthless bureaucrats." 

He opposed a  national holiday in honor of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. and  supported apartheid in South Africa.  [The King Holiday and Its Meaning: Remarks of Senator Jesse Helms ]
 As of now, Helms is still blocking efforts to integrate the 4th Circuit Court of Appeals, which has the largest concentration of African Americans - 22 percent - of any circuit in the nation. It never has had a black judge on the court of appeals.   ["No blacks on 4th Circuit; Helms, racism blamed"

[More about Jesse Helms  ]

-1986 Yasuhiro  Nakasone, (1918-living)  Japanese Prime Minister gets caught up in the hype about blacks and Latinos being intellectually inferior.

"The level of knowledge in the United States is lower than in Japan due to the considerable number of blacks, Puerto Ricans and Mexicans."

-1986 Linda S. Gottfredson, co-director of the Project for the Study of Intelligence and Society.  Her works has focused on fairness in testing and racial inequality;  Shedenies standardized tests being culturally biased in saying,

"There is no evidence of cultural bias against blacks in the major standardized tests of mental ability, and mental tests predict performance in school and on the job equally well for blacks and whites."  [Journal of Vocational Behaviour 29.]
"Egalitarian Fiction and Collective Fraud" (1994) 

-1988 Pat Buchanan  (1938-living) a  constant and loyal defender of German Nazis.Year 2000 election presidential candidate running on the Reform Party.

Buchanan has repeatedly insisted that President Reagan did so much for African-Americans that civil rights groups have no reason to exist:

"George Bush should have told the [NAACP convention] that black America has grown up; that the NAACP should close up shop, that its members should go home and reflect on JFK's admonition: 'Ask not what your country can do for you, but rather ask what you can do for your country.'" [syndicated column, 7/26/88]
In a column sympathetic to ex-Klansman David Duke, Buchanan chided the Republican Party for overreacting to Duke and his Nazi "costume": 
"Take a hard look at Duke's portfolio of winning issues and expropriate those not in conflict with GOP principles, [such as] reverse discrimination against white folks." [syndicated column, 2/25/89]
[Pat Buchannan on Issues Website]

-1988 Rush Hudson Limbaugh III  (1951-living) a very stupid fat guy who says very stupid things. He began his conservative nationally syndicated radio program in 1988.

"If we are going to start rewarding no skills and stupid people--I'm serious, let the unskilled jobs that take absolutely no knowledge whatsoever to do--let the stupid and unskilled Mexicans do that work." -Rush Limbaugh

"Why should Blacks be heard?  They're 12% of the population.  Who the hell cares."  -Rush Limbaugh

[Rush Limbaugh's Website ] Wrote books such as "The Way Things Ought to Be" (1993) and "See, I Told You So" (1999) 

-1989  David Duke  (1946-living) a former American Nazi, national head of the Ku Klux Klan, founder of NAAWP a White civil rights organization. In 1989 Duke became an elected member of the House of Representatives where he served as a member of the Republican Legislative Delegation.

In 1990 Duke ran for Senate as a Republican in Louisiana and got 44% of the vote. In 1991 got 39% of the state wide vote for Governor. He became Republican candidate for president in 1992.  In 1997 Duke won his GOP county chairmanship with a unanimous vote.   Current President of the National Organization for European American Rights (NOFEAR), an organization dedicated to protecting the rights and heritage of people of European descent in America and around the world.
[David Duke's Official Website]

-1990 James Dewey Watson  (1928-living) 1962 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine winner; launched the Human Genome Project (HGP), another front for the eugenics movement at Cold Springs Harbor Laboratory on Long Island, New York.  (Project recently ompleted by 2000. )

Goals of the project include "earlier detection of genetic predisposition to disease" and "reduc(ing) the likelihood of heritable mutations."  In other words, one goal is the systematic elimination of all the 'bad' genes that have slipped into the national pool. Another goal of the project is the creation of "pharmacogenomics 'custom drugs'."Translated into English, this means drugs that are specifically tailored to differentially affect various genetic (racial) types; drugs, that is, that could easily be wielded as ethnically specific biowarfare agents. 

According to the American military manual,

"It is theoretically possible to develop so-called 'ethnic chemical weapons,' which would be designed  to exploit naturally occurring differences in vulnerability among specific population groups. Thus, such a weapon would be capable of incapacitating or killing a selected enemy population to a significantly greater extent than the population of friendly forces." [American military manual. 1975]

November of 2000, Watson delivered a speech at the University of California at Berkeley that outraged many of those in attendance. Among other undocumented claims, Watson suggested that there exist biochemical links between skin color and sexual activity. And so it goes as the eugenicsmovement continues to flourish under cover of scientific jargon.  [http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aso/databank/entries/bhwats.html]

-1991 Richard Lynn  performed IQ studies in Africa and claimed Africans scored lowered than African Americans due to the amount of European genes.
In "RACE DIFFERENCES IN INTELLIGENCE: A GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE".  He concluded that impoverished conditions of blacks, aborigines, and Native Americans were due to genes rather than social
 poor social and economic condition. He justified his claim by observing how Asian immigrants thrive in American society. 

"The argument frequently advanced that poor social and economic conditions are  responsible for the lower intelligence of the Negroids, Aborigines and Amerindians places the cart before the horse. It assumes that the impoverished environments of these peoples are simply the result of external circumstances over which these peoples themselves have  no control. Such a claim does not stand up to examination. There are so many cases which it cannot explain, such as the achievements of Chinese, Japanese, Korean and Vietnamese immigrants in the United States and of Indians in Britain and Africa. The only  plausible explanation for why these peoples have succeeded where others, initially more advantageously placed, have failed is that they have the right genotypes for building socially and economically prosperous environments for themselves and their families." [THE MANKIND QUARTERLY, V31:3, Spring 1991, 255-296.]
Other works include "Dysgenics: Genetic Deterioration in Modern Populations" (1996)

-1991 Marion Gordon "Pat" Robertson (1930-living) founder of the Christian Coalition who believes all religions faith, other than his own, are Satanic. 
He wrote "The New World Order" an anti-Semitic book accusing international Jewish bankers of conspiring to overthrow the U.S. government.
In discussing the apartheid South Africa,

"I think 'one man, one vote,' just unrestricted democracy, would not be wise. There needs to be some kind of protection for the minority which the white people represent now, a minority, and they need and have a right to demand a protection of their rights."   [--Pat Robertson, "The 700 Club," 3/18/92]

-1993 Karl Schakel  Current director of the Pioneer Fund.

-1994 Herrnstein and Murray: arthurs of "The Bell Curve" The conclusion of the book is that men are not equal, and that the Declaration of Independence is badly worded.  The book gained strong support from the Pioneer Fund.

-1994 Thomas Sowell  (1930-living): known for advancing the neo-conservative position that affirmative action was bad for the morale of black Americans. "Race and Culture" relies on work by three Pioneer grantees in his chapter "Race and Intelligence".  His books include "Black Education: Myths and Tragedies" (1972) and "Race and Economics" (1973). 

-1995 Dinesh D'Souza  (1961-living) concludes "The End of Racism" (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1995) by calling for African-Americans to  "act white" in order "that they can effectively compete with other groups." (556) 

Other works include "Myth of the Racist Cabbie"  (1995). "The End of Racism: Principles for a Multiracial Society"  (1995)  [Dinesh D'Souza Official Website]

-1995 James Tooley  rejects the notion of IQ tests being culturally biased against minorities.  He cites,

"As for bias, the evidence in The Bell Curve [R.J.Herrnstein & C.M.Murray, 1994] deserves careful examination. The IQ difference between blacks and whites, the authors say, is greater on test items that appear culturally neutral than on those that appear culturally loaded. Moreover, although black IQ scores get higher with higher socioeconomic status, the difference between blacks and whites of the same higher socioeconomic status does not shrink. Also, is it not odd that IQ tests are never accused of being sexist? Men and women have nearly identical mean IQs. But if IQ tests are deliberately constructed so as to put certain groups down, why were women not put down too? Perhaps there is something more objective lurking in these tests that cannot so easily be manipulated to satisfy the whims of the white males who invented them." [Times Higher Educational Supplement, 7 vii.]
Tooley also opposes public schools which he cites as being failures. Instead, Tooley proposes practical policies to increase market provision
of education in his book, "Education Without the State" (1998) and in "Reclaiming Education" (2000) in which he advocates for School Choice..

-1995 J. Philippe "Phil" Rushton  college pyschology professor; "Race, Evolution and Behavior: a Life History Perspective " --  he has argued that support for biological influences on character can be derived from racial differences in anatomy; and he has concluded that groups' differences in 'social organization' versus 'reproductive effort' reflect long-running differences in evolutionary strategies. 

"More controversial is my work on race. In new studies and reviews of the world literature, I consistently find that East Asians and their descendants average a larger brain size, greater intelligence, more sexual restraint, slower rates of maturation, and greater law abidingness and social organization than do Europeans and their descendants who average higher scores on these dimensions than do Africans and their descendants. I proposed a gene-based evolutionary origin for this pattern." [Phil Rushton's Website
Other works include "Race and crime: an international dilemma" (1995) "Race as a Biological Concept" (1996)  and "STATEMENT ON RACE AS A BIOLOGICAL CONCEPT" (1996)